School Board censuses were compiled to monitor school attendance, which became compulsory for children between the age of 5 and 13 after the passing of the Education (Scotland) Act of 1872. The leaving age was raised to 14 in 1883.
The volume contains censuses of children within the parish of Marykirk, up to 14 years of age, taken in the middle of June in the years 1895 – 1901. The census records: the family’s residence, the name the parent or guardian (usually the father) with the names of the children in the household, the total number of children in the household, their ages, whether they were school or not, if that school was outside the parish, and the name of the school. From 1897 the compiler’s spelling is extremely irregular, so you may need to try first names and surnames separately, or scrolling through to find a relevant location. Where possible, the common spelling has been placed in square brackets after the word.
Record of the censuses taken in Maryculter June 1888, June 1891, April 1894, and May 1897. The census records: date of visit, name of Parent or Guardian, address, names of children between 5 to 13 years, their age last birthday, the name of the school attended by the child, and the reason given by parent or guardian for not attending school. Sometimes the achievement of a particular standard is given as a reason for leaving school: this was because legislation allowed children over 10 to leave school altogether if they reached Standard V, or to work as half timers alongside school if they reached Standard III (which covered writing, reading and arithmetic, the three Rs).
In 1919 the Fetteresso and Rickarton School Board carried out an educational census of "young folk" aged between 14 and 18. The census book also includes a register of defaulters - parents whose children were failing to attend school - and a summary of the school attendance rates and occupations of young people in the area. The census entries cover Stonehaven, Muchalls, Tewel, Netherley, Rickarton, Cookney, Cairnhill and Brackmuirhill, and records the young people's names, address, date of birth, occupation (or school), hours of work, and their class in the last school attended.